Surveys



  • Coach-Athlete Relationship: Improving Communication (Questionnaire) - A questionnaire was developed by Advanced Sport Psychology students at Auburn University to improve communication between the coach and athlete. The questionnaire focused on three items: (a) Leadership Perspectice, (b) Relationship Perspective, and (c) Communication. All three of these componenents are essential in enhancing the coach-athlete relationship. The questionnaire samples parts of the Leadership Sport Scale (LSS), Coach-Athlete Relationship Questionniare (CART-Q), and Coaching Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ).

  • Coach-Athlete Relationship Questionnaire (CART-Q) - The CART-Q is a brief, simple-to-use, self-report instrument that measures affective, cognitive, and behavioral interpersonal aspects in the coach-athlete relationship: closeness, commitment, and complementarity. A modified version of the CART-Q enables the assessment of coaches’ and athletes closeness, commitment, and complementarity with a metraspective approach. Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ).



  • Coaching Behavior Scale for Sport (CBS-S) – The CBS-S is an instrument that assesses coaching behaviors from athletes’ perspective. It consists of six sub-scales: (a) Technical Skills, (b) Goal Setting, (c) Mental Preparation, (d) Personal Rapport, (e) Physical Training and Planning and (f) Negative Personal Rapport. The CBS-S can be used as a research tool to provide new and insightful data about coaches’ behaviors.


  • Leadership Scale for Sports (LSS) - A scale developed to measure leadership behaviors of sport coaches. It includes the coaches’ perceptions of their own behavior, the athlete's preferences for specific behaviors, and the athlete's perceptions of the coaches’ behavior. The scale has five dimensions: instructional (training) behavior, democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, social support behavior, and motivational behavior (in the form of positive feedback given).



  • Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS) - The Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS) is one of the most popular inventories with sport psychology consultants. The TOPS profiles athletes’ skills in competition and at practice. It assesses eight psychological strategies used in competition (i.e. activation, automaticity, emotional control, goal-setting, imagery, negative thinking, relaxation, and self talk,) and eight used in practice (the same strategies except negative thinking is replaced by attentional control).