The Leadership Perspective

 What is Leadership?
  •  Leadership is the process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others toaccomplish a common task
  • Leaders inspire people to work at high levels of work as individuals and as team member
  • Leaders are knowledgeable and experienced in the areas in which they want to lead.

What is a Coach?
  • A person who instructs players in the fundamentals of competitive sports and directs team strategy
  • A coach is, in essence, a LEADER

“In essence, leadership is a characteristic of the coach, and leading is what the coach does to the athlete and originates within the coach” (Jowett, 2005).

This coach is instrusting his athletes to practice drills and warm-up. The athletes are under the leadership of the coach and trust that he will help make them better athletes

A Coach, who is a leader, has to have an understanding of who their players are, what their players know, and what their players can do.

The leadership aspect determines the cohesiveness of the entire team, in that; the athletes would be able to learn how to lead, as well as the importance of following and cooperating with others who may be on their team, as well as those who are in superiority.


The Mediational Model, on the other hand, focuses on the interrelationships between coaches’ overt behaviors and athletes’ attitudes towards coaches.

The Multidimensional Model suggests that the athletes’ performance and satisfaction are attributed to the degree of congruence among the three aspects of leader behavior. The Multidimensional Model focuses on the three aspects of coaching behavior which are:

  • The Actual Behavior, which originates from a leader’s personality, ability, and experience
    • Some people are “natural-born” leaders, who know how to persuade, and grab people’s attention
  • The Preferred Leader Behavior, which reflects the characteristics of the members, and
    • The athletes who follow the coaches develop a perception of the coach dependent on how the coach communicates and interacts with them.
  • The Required Leader Behavior, which is dictated by the demands and constraints of the situation.
    • Coaches may change their techniques and approaches to leading depending on the environment.

Coaching Leadership Styles

Autocratic Style
  • Often considered the "Classic" style of coaching
  • The coach retains as much authority and power as possible
  • Does not cunsult with athletes about strategis or recieve their input
  • The motivational climate is produced by creating a structure set of consequences and rewards
  • This style has been criticized because of the high turnover rates and abscence of athletes as a result of the coaching style

Democratic Style
  • Also called the Participative style
  • Encourages athletes to become apart of decision making processes
  • The coach keeps athletes informed everything that effects the team
  • The coach gathers information from their athletes and makes that the final decisions

Delegative Style
  • The Coach allow the athletes to make the decisions
  • However, the Coach is still responsible for the decisions that are made
  • The coach sets priotities and delgates certain tasks
  • The athletes should be able to analyze situations and determine what needs to be done.
  • The coach has to trust their athletes to make decisions

Links with Tips to Develop Leadership Skills in Coaching

Journal Articles